April 24, 2019

Predictors of chronic opioid use in non-cancer community-dwelling patients

High consumption rates of prescription opioids in Canada raised the need to understand factors associated with chronic use to counteract opioid-related harms (addiction, misuse, abuse and accidental overdose, death).

This study followed a population-based cohort who started a prescription opioid in the outpatient setting. Similarly to other countries, 3.4% of the cohort became chronic users, typically in situations where the initial supply was greater or equal to 30 days and with a chronic pain diagnosis.

Personalized strategies to monitor patients at risk of becoming chronic opioid users may be helpful but should not compromise optimal pain care.

Beliveau A, Castilloux AM, Tanenbaum C, Vincent P, Moura CS, Bernatsky S, Pujade I, Moride Y.
Incidence of chronic opioid use in seniors [abstract]. PDS. 2019;28(S2).

Béliveau A, Castilloux AM, Tannenbaum C, Vincent P, de Moura CS, Bernatsky S, Moride Y.
Predictors of long-term use of prescription opioids in the community-dwelling population of adults without a cancer diagnosis: a retrospective cohort study.
CMAJ Open. 2021 Feb 9;9(1):E96-E106. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20200076. PMID: 33563639.

For more information, contact: Autumn Neville, Research Coordinator. autumn.neville@rimuhc.ca

This research was funded by CIHR-DSEN
Lead investigator: Dr. Yola Moride
Query 18-04 (Phase 2 of Q16-07) raised by Health Canada’s Pharmaceutical Policy Division, Office of Pharmaceutical Management Strategies